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Such an amendment has to be passed by majority of total members of each house of the Parliament as well as by two-thirds majority of the members present and voting there in.
However, in addition to this process, some amendments must be approved by at least 50% of the states.
In a federal set up there is a two tier of Government with well assigned powers and functions.
In this system the central government and the governments of the units act within a well defined sphere, co-ordinate and at the same time act independently. Wheare defines federal government as an association of states, which has been formed for certain common purposes, but in which the member states retain a large measure of their original independence.
The supremacy of the constitution means that both, the Union and the State Governments, shall operate within the limits set by the Constitution.
But actually Indian constitution contains both features of a federal constitution and unitary constitution.
The federation is a union because it is indestructible and helps to maintain the unity of the country.
Art 155 and 156 provide that the Governor, who is the constitutional head of a State, is to be appointed by the President and stays only until the pleasure of the President The Centre may take over the administration of the State on the recommendations of the Governor or otherwise.
However, this is not applicable in case of Indian States.
They have unequal representation in the Rajya Sabha.