Methods of dating in archaeology

Wild animal species (such as wild boar and horse) were leaner compared to their modern-day domesticated equivalents, so much of the fat the Stone Age people ate came from marine mammals, fatty fish and nuts.Snails where consumed at least 150,000 years ago, with evidence from the Haua Fteah cave (Libya) that indicates early humans used stone ‘drills’ or thorns to extract the molluscs from their shells.Meadowlands and forest edges were filled with many edible wild plants, such as lilies and onions.The bulbs of these plants are very nutritious, but their energy is locked up in a dense, indigestible carbohydrate called inulin.

Cereals, Pulses and Plants Perhaps surprisingly, it is thoughts that the world’s oldest flour was made from oat some 32,000 years ago, based on analysis of a Paleolithic stone tool found in 1989 from a cave in southeastern Italy called Grotta Paglicci.People cleared large areas of wooded landed to grow their crops, which also included lentils, chickpeas, Bitter Vetch, peas, poopy and flax.Scientists have discovered evidence that people flavored meat and fish with garlic mustard seeds () around 6,000 years ago, just as farming practices were starting.The grain from both meals was a highly processed einkorn wheat bran, possibly eaten in the form of fire-cooked flatbread.Found near Ötzi's body were chaff and grains of einkorn and barley and also seeds of flax and poppy, as well as kernels of sloes (small plumlike fruits of the blackthorn tree) and various seeds of berries growing in the wild.

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