Dating gospel of mark
is part of the appendix of the gospel and should not be assumed to have come from the same hand as that responsible for the body of the gospel.Neither of these passages, therefore, persuades many Johannine scholars that the author claims eyewitness status.
One is left with the impression that the sacraments of baptism and eucharist did not figure in the theology of the fourth evangelist." (p.
It has been recently argued that portions of chaps.
13-17 come froma redactor at the time of the writing of the Johannine epistles some ten years or more after the completion of the gospel." (p. 163): Some members of the Johannine community departed, became a rival sect, over the question of the 'flesh' of Jesus Christ, an event that leads the author of I John to the certainty that 'this is the last hour.' We do not know for sure who these secessionists were, but as Raymond Brown notes, they were 'not detectably outsiders to the Johannine community but the offspring of Johannine thought itself, justifying their position by the Johannine Gospel and its implications' (1979, 107).
But, very strangely, Epiphanius, in his book against the heretics, argues against those who actually believed that it was Cerinthus himself who wrote the Gospel of John!
Finally, Jesus journeys to Jerusalem, where he drives the money changers from the temple and begins preaching his Gospel.